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A process by which a series of unrelated pieces of information can become linked into a meaningful single unit or whole.

cognition/cognitive processing

Cognition is the umbrella term for the faculties we possess that track happenings in the world and register our feelings, thoughts, and motivations.  These cognitive processes collectively have to determine the significance of all these external and internal sources of information and guide us to make appropriate and effective responses.  Examples of cognitive processes include: "attention, perception, learning, memory, language, problem-solving, reasoning and thinking." (Eysenck & Keane, p.1. 2020).


Eysenck, Michael W. and Keane, Mark T. (2020) Cognitive Psychology: A Student's Handbook. 8th edn. London and New York: Psychology Press

cognitive profile

The pattern of cognitive processes that affect how learners interact and perform in learning situations.

consolidation (memory)

Refers to a set of processes that jointly fixes a memory trace (fact, happening etc.) after it has been acquired.

corpus (corpora)

A large collection of English Language texts (spoken and written words) organised along domain of use, text purpose and frequency of linguistic units/features characteristics within a Standard Language, available online for academic enquiry.  These large word banks available for search and research into language use.  Examples are the British National Corpus and Corpus of Contemporary American English.